If you move into a property and start paying rent, this will usually create a periodic tenancy agreement. The lease is a form of consumer contract and, as such, must be done in clear and understandable language. It must not contain clauses that could be "unfair." This means, for example, that the lease does not put you or your landlord in an unfavourable position, should not allow a party to change the terms unilaterally and without good reason, or to bind you irrevocably to conditions with which you did not have time to administer yourself. An abusive clause is not valid by law and cannot be enforced. These include leases signed in person, by mail or online. In view of the suspension of the public opening of rental housing, decided by The Royal Decree 463/2020 of 14 March, which declares a state of alert to deal with the health crisis caused by COVID-19, I hereafter inform you of my wish to terminate the rental contract and to inform you that the rental obligation will be expressly lifted at the time of the aforementioned date. If you feel that your rental agreement may contain abusive conditions, you can go to your nearest citizen council. A rental agreement exists even if there is only an oral agreement between you and your landlord. For example, at the beginning of the lease, you and your landlord agreed on the amount of rent and when it would be payable, whether it contains fuel, or if your landlord can decide who else may reside in the unit. A tenant may terminate a temporary rent prematurely if the landlord consents or if there is a break clause allowing the tenant to do so.
The lease agreement must indicate whether there is a break clause and, if so, when it can be used, how much attention should be given and what conditions must be met. If you are a periodic tenant, you can end your rent by communicating a four-week delay to your landlord. The termination must be longer if the rental agreement says so or if you pay your rent monthly or less. The notification must be made in writing and end on a day when the rent is due.