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Collective bargaining is a peaceful settlement of all disputes between workers and employers and thus promotes peace at work and increased productivity, resulting in an increase in the country`s gross national product or national income. Behaviouralists have made a good distinction between "distribution negotiations" and "inclusive negotiations." The first is the cake-sharing process, which represents what has been produced by the joint efforts of management and labour. i) Most agreements are at the factory level. However, there are some agreements at the industry level; A prosperous industrial unit in the same region can accept with unions a substantial increase in wages and other benefits, while a loss-making industry cannot. There is always pressure on losing industries to provide wages and benefits similar to those of other (relatively prosperous) units in the same region. The collective bargaining obtained was of three types: the concept of marketing considers collective bargaining as a contract for the sale of labour. It is a market or exchange relationship that is justified on the grounds that it gives a voice to organized workers on the issue of sales. For the construction of all trade agreements, the same objective rules that are invoked are invoked, as this is a common commercial relationship between the union and management. (ii) the existence of an investigative approach and the willingness to use new methods and tools to solve industrial problems. Negotiations should be based on facts and figures, and both sides should take a constructive approach. The Industrial Employment Act 1946 (IESO Act) applies to any industrial enterprise employing 100 or more workers every day of the previous twelve months.

The IESO Friends Act aims to establish uniform conditions of use in different industrial enterprises. The IESO law requires every employer in an industrial enterprise to clearly define and publish standing orders relating to the rules of work and service and to make them known to the employees it employs. The law also requires each employer to submit to the authorized agent five draft permanent warrants that it plans to issue for its establishment. (vii) It is preferable that collective bargaining be conducted at the enterprise level. If there is more than one factory in the company, the local management should be empowered to negotiate with the local union. In India, leaders have a negative attitude towards trade unions. They do not appreciate the membership of their workers in trade unions. Since strong unions are a must for collective bargaining, this management attitude hinders the process. iii) Long-term agreements of 2 to 5 years are multiplying; Existing barriers to collective bargaining must be removed in order to give importance to it as an effective measure to ensure industrial peace. An analysis of the "monopoly" versus "collective voice" framework since independence shows that there has been rapid industrialization and minimal industrial conflicts within the collective linguistic framework. Collective bargaining is a process in which business and worker representatives meet and negotiate terms of employment for mutual benefits.

In his own words: "Most collective bargaining (agreements) have been at the factory level, although in major textile centres such as Bombay and Ahmedabad, inter-professional agreements were (quite) common... Such agreements also exist in the southern plantation industry, Assam and the coal industry.

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