The problem of parasitism is often used to justify union safety agreements. A classic study on the problem of parasitism is presented in Mancur Olson`s 1965 work, The Logic of Collective Action.  In labour relations, there is the problem of parasites, because the cost of organizing a union and negotiating a contract with the employer can be very high, and because employers will find it too expensive to take on multiple pay and benefit scales. , some or all non-union members may find that the contract is also favourable to them.  A union security agreement cannot require candidates seeking employment to be affiliated with the union, and the agreement cannot require workers to actually join the union or maintain union membership in order to retain their jobs. Under a union security agreement, individuals who choose to pay non-member fees may also be required to charge workers who actually join the union within a certain period of time (an additional period) after the collective agreement enters into force or after the hiring of a new member, to pay tuition fees and tuition. Recently, the NLRB made a decision, This decision overturned the decision of Bethlehem Stahl, 50 years old, who had exactly the opposite.2 , hours and other conditions of employment within the meaning of the law, "it is therefore an object of compulsory bargaining" and the employer should not be allowed to negotiate. , "unilaterally halting compliance with a royalty control agreement." Answer: The Expert Committee on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations explained:  Therefore, the incentive is that individual workers "drive for free" by not paying the fees, which can lead to the collapse of the union and the absence of a collective agreement.  If the union collapses, any worker could be worse than if the union had negotiated the contract.  Eu security agreements are a means of ensuring that all (or almost) workers bear their fair share of the cost of collective bargaining (for example). B union membership and dues).   EU security agreements are explicitly mentioned in the labour laws of many countries.
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